Kolmannskuppe - The Ghost Town
Kolmanskuppe (Afrikaans: Kolmanskop, the Germans often "Kolmannskuppe" with two n) is written, is a former settlement in German Southwest Africa, now Namibia. The town is about 10 km east location of the port of Luderitz in Namibia and named after the Nama Coleman, who remained there, stuck in 1905 with his ox-cart in a dune and thirst.
The Lüderitz railway reached the town on their way to Off also 1905th It owes its existence to the railroad workers, August Stauch and Zacharias Lewala who found by chance at the neighboring station lawn in 1908, the first diamond. This has stimulated the boom caused a rapid growth of these initially only as a diamond-seekers Camp imaginary town on the northern boundary of the diamond restricted area. The founding of diamond wealth of the residents gave rise to a place where all was the luxury any, was then given for money - and that in an environment that can be desolate and hostile living was probably hardly thought of. There was no water, no rain, no earth, would in even the least able to grow, no infrastructure - only sand, regularly fierce sandstorms and a merciless heat.
Despite the hostile environment, there were up to 400 people and caused palatial stone houses on the German model. In addition to separate accommodation for the workers (for married men and bachelors) there were administrative - and buildings. For the infrastructure one power plant and a hospital (with the first X-ray station in Africa, respectively) around the Southern Hemisphere, an ice factory for the production of block ice for iceboxes neighbor, a mom and pop shop, a butcher, a ballroom building called Theater, gymnasium and large kitchens, a bowling alley and a school. Even a saltwater swimming pool and a narrow gauge railway to transport goods and people within the village were to be found here. The water for this and everything else was still needed for daily life, had to be transported some 1000 km far from Cape Town . The construction of the houses, their bodies, machines and all that, what was then understood in Europe in luxury, came from Germany and was mostly landed in Lüderitz.
Kolmanskuppe then considered the richest city in Africa, which, given the small population may well be true. Nevertheless Kolmanskuppe was only a "paradise on time": The nearby diamond fields were soon dismantled, and then shifted to the diamond mining farther and farther to the south of Elizabeth Bay in the direction, Pomona, Charlottenthal and Bogenfels was. 1930 set of diamond mining in Kolmanskuppe whole, the people would leave gradually the place and left it to the desert. The last person lived here until the 1960s. Many home furnishings, sports equipment in schools, etc. were not even taken.
See More at: http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kolmanskuppe